How To Create a Slideshow – W3Schools

Create A Slideshow

Step 1) Add HTML:

Example

<!– Slideshow container –>
<div class=”slideshow-container”>

<!– Full-width images with number and caption text –>
<div class=”mySlides fade”>
<div class=”numbertext”>1 / 3</div>
<img src=”img1.jpg” style=”width:100%”>
<div class=”text”>Caption Text</div>
</div>

<div class=”mySlides fade”>
<div class=”numbertext”>2 / 3</div>
<img src=”img2.jpg” style=”width:100%”>
<div class=”text”>Caption Two</div>
</div>

<div class=”mySlides fade”>
<div class=”numbertext”>3 / 3</div>
<img src=”img3.jpg” style=”width:100%”>
<div class=”text”>Caption Three</div>
</div>

<!– Next and previous buttons –>
<a class=”prev” onclick=”plusSlides(-1)”>&#10094;</a>
<a class=”next” onclick=”plusSlides(1)”>&#10095;</a>
</div>
<br>

<!– The dots/circles –>
<div style=”text-align:center”>
<span class=”dot” onclick=”currentSlide(1)”></span>
<span class=”dot” onclick=”currentSlide(2)”></span>
<span class=”dot” onclick=”currentSlide(3)”></span>
</div>


Step 2) Add CSS:

Style the next and previous buttons, the caption text and the dots:

Example

* {box-sizing:border-box}

/* Slideshow container */
.slideshow-container {
max-width: 1000px;
position: relative;
margin: auto;
}

/* Hide the images by default */
.mySlides {
display: none;
}

/* Next & previous buttons */
.prev, .next {
cursor: pointer;
position: absolute;
top: 50%;
width: auto;
margin-top: -22px;
padding: 16px;
color: white;
font-weight: bold;
font-size: 18px;
transition: 0.6s ease;
border-radius: 0 3px 3px 0;
}

/* Position the “next button” to the right */
.next {
right: 0;
border-radius: 3px 0 0 3px;
}

/* On hover, add a black background color with a little bit see-through */
.prev:hover, .next:hover {
background-color: rgba(0,0,0,0.8);
}

/* Caption text */
.text {
color: #f2f2f2;
font-size: 15px;
padding: 8px 12px;
position: absolute;
bottom: 8px;
width: 100%;
text-align: center;
}

/* Number text (1/3 etc) */
.numbertext {
color: #f2f2f2;
font-size: 12px;
padding: 8px 12px;
position: absolute;
top: 0;
}

/* The dots/bullets/indicators */
.dot {
cursor: pointer;
height: 15px;
width: 15px;
margin: 0 2px;
background-color: #bbb;
border-radius: 50%;
display: inline-block;
transition: background-color 0.6s ease;
}

.active, .dot:hover {
background-color: #717171;
}

/* Fading animation */
.fade {
-webkit-animation-name: fade;
-webkit-animation-duration: 1.5s;
animation-name: fade;
animation-duration: 1.5s;
}

@-webkit-keyframes fade {
from {opacity: .4}
to {opacity: 1}
}

@keyframes fade {
from {opacity: .4}
to {opacity: 1}
}

Step 3) Add JavaScript:

Example

var slideIndex = 1;
showSlides(slideIndex);

// Next/previous controls
function plusSlides(n) {
showSlides(slideIndex += n);
}

// Thumbnail image controls
function currentSlide(n) {
showSlides(slideIndex = n);
}

function showSlides(n) {
var i;
var slides = document.getElementsByClassName(“mySlides”);
var dots = document.getElementsByClassName(“dot”);
if (n > slides.length) {slideIndex = 1}
if (n < 1) {slideIndex = slides.length}
for (i = 0; i < slides.length; i++) {
slides[i].style.display = “none”;
}
for (i = 0; i < dots.length; i++) {
dots[i].className = dots[i].className.replace(” active”, “”);
}
slides[slideIndex-1].style.display = “block”;
dots[slideIndex-1].className += ” active”;
}

Automatic Slideshow

To display an automatic slideshow, use the following code:

Example

var slideIndex = 0;
showSlides();

function showSlides() {
var i;
var slides = document.getElementsByClassName(“mySlides”);
for (i = 0; i < slides.length; i++) {
slides[i].style.display = “none”;
}
slideIndex++;
if (slideIndex > slides.length) {slideIndex = 1}
slides[slideIndex-1].style.display = “block”;
setTimeout(showSlides, 2000); // Change image every 2 seconds
}

Multiple Slideshows

Example

var slideIndex = [1,1];
/* Class the members of each slideshow group with different CSS classes */
var slideId = [“mySlides1”, “mySlides2”] showSlides(1, 0);
showSlides(1, 1);

function plusSlides(n, no) {
showSlides(slideIndex[no] += n, no);
}

function showSlides(n, no) {
var i;
var x = document.getElementsByClassName(slideId[no]);
if (n > x.length) {slideIndex[no] = 1}
if (n < 1) {slideIndex[no] = x.length}
for (i = 0; i < x.length; i++) {
x[i].style.display = “none”;
}
x[slideIndex[no]-1].style.display = “block”;
}

Trả lời

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